Industrial heritage preserves the heritage of industrialisation for future generations. As first German industrial monument UNESCO nominated Rammelsberg mine as world heritage in 1992; Völklingen Ironworks followed in 1994 as the first industrial heritage monument dating back to the heyday of industrialisation. Two other industrial sites in Germany, the Zollverein Coal Mine and Coking Plant in 2001 and the Fagus Factory in 2011 achieve world heritage status.
Even during its working period, the Zollverein Coal Mine in Essen was named the „most beautiful coal mining plant in the world“. A total of 240 million tons of coal were mined there between 1851 and 1986; up to 8,000 miners were employed above ground and underground. The completely preserved coal mining and coking plant sites are regarded as unique icons of modern industrial architecture and are an exemplary representation of the history of the coal and steel era. Today the UNESCO World Heritage Site Zollverein is the largest tourist attraction in the region
and a symbol of the successful change of an industrial area into an attractive location for culture, leisure time and business. Visitors can discover one of the most fascinating places in the history of industry: for instance during a guided tour along the Monument Path ZOLLVEREIN®, a visit to the Ruhr Museum or the Red Dot Design Museum, in the Portal of Industrial Heritage or during a walk in the Zollverein Park. The Zollverein Foundation and the institutions located at the world heritage are constantly working to enable all guests to enjoy an easygoing and widely barrier-free visit.
The gigantic iron works site, spread over more than 600,000 square metres, is a must for all those looking for something exceptional. Völklingen Ironworks has collected high-technology
milestones from the 19th and 20th century in a confined space. Today concerts and edgy exhibitions take place at Völklingen Ironworks, where smoking chimneys and ear-deafening noise once
dictated everyday working life. An exciting cosmos of iron and steel opens up along 7,000 metres of visitor pathways. In addition to the exhibitions, it is also possible to visit the UNESCO Visitor
Centre, the Ferrodrom® Science Center and „Das Paradies“ – The Paradise, the industrial landscape park. The Ferrodrom ® Science Center is a world of adventure that links the history of iron to the history of Völklingen Ironworks. All areas of the World Heritage Site Völklingen Ironworks are accessible using a walking frame and wheelchair.
1,000 years of mining and living at Rammelsberg: exciting conducted tours at UNESCO‘s World Heritage Site at Rammelsberg deliver an extraordinary insight into the working environment
of the miners in the region of the Nordharz, above ground and underground. The visitor goes on a journey through time to the 200 years old power system in Roedertunnel with its wooden pumping
and reversible water wheels. The visitor follows the path of the water underground – the early energy carrier of the industrial revolution – to the gigantic water wheels that powered the dewatering of the pit and the shaft hoisting.
The three museums in the Rammelsberg above-ground sites invite the visitor with topics about the history and culture of coal mining in the region of the Unterharz. The museums, the museum restaurant and the trip underground using the mine railway are barrier-free.